Main pathologies

Main pathologies

Corneal pathologies :

Corneal opacity

Examples of corneal opacity requiring a cornea transplant

Endothelial dystrophy

Endothelial cell density loss may lead to corneal edema. This edema can be treated with a cornea transplant.

Cornea edema: aspect before surger

Keratoconus

Oculomotor muscle pathologies :

Lens

Cataract
Lens dislocation
Lens deformation

Glaucoma

Tests
Glaucoma: various types
Chronic glaucoma
Closed-angle glaucoma

Retina and vitreous

Retinal detachment
Vitreous hemorrhage
Pre-retinal membranes
Macular holes
AMD
Diabetic retinopathy

Eyelid surgery

Blepharochalasis
Ectropion
Entropion
Eyelid tumor
Ptosis

Lacrimal ducts

Obstruction

Strabismus

Definition : A disorder in which the eyes are not aligned, diverge or converge.

Treatments : Eye realignment by optic correction (when there is a spasm in children), or surgery in children and adults.

Surgery : Moving the insertions of extraocular muscles or shortening the muscles.

Note : When the rehabilitation methods are not sufficient.

Results : When the rehabilitation methods are not sufficient.

Organization :

Refractive correction,
Orthoptic checkup,
Anesthesia consultation,
Ambulatory surgery,
Usually a local anesthesia
Surgery on one or both eyes muscles at the same time if the deviation is significant.

Further operation is possible.

Refractive procedure can be done to rebalance the eye if the difference is significant.